Changes during pregnancy that are expected to occur

changes during pregnancy

Changes during pregnancy

During pregnancy, multiple changes take place in the female’s body. These pregnancy changes range from physiological, hormonal to psychological. Childbearing isn’t easy it comes with changes and complications that might result in the biggest experiences of one’s life. These changes could be expected or otherwise, they can leave you startled because you never thought that this is going to come. In this article, we’ll be going to discuss all the physiological, hormonal, internal, sensory, and psychological pregnancy changes that are expected to happen during pregnancy. Stick around till the till because this information is extremely useful for every woman who is about to experience her first pregnancy.

Let’s get started. 

Hormonal Changes

The most significant pregnancy change that results in most of the physiological changes and internal organs changes is a hormonal change during pregnancy. As soon as a woman conceives, her levels of reproductive hormones begin to change. There is an upsurge in the levels of estrogen and progesterone that are known as chief pregnancy hormones. An increase in the level of estrogen during pregnancy results in the vascularization of the uterus and placenta. Moreover, it ensures the transfer of nutrients to the developing baby. During the third and final trimester, the estrogen level is at its peak. Along with the role it plays in the maturation of the fetus, it also helps in the development of milk ducts and enlargement of breasts.  

Similarly, progesterone also increases during pregnancy and it helps in loosening the ligaments of different joints. High levels of progesterone cause the diameter of ureters to increase and also increases the size of the uterus to accommodate the baby.

Sensory changes

Numerous sensory changes are also witnessed during the journey of pregnancy that is described as follow.

Vision changes

It is quite common for some mothers-to-be to feel a significant change in their vision while for a few of them their eye-sight remains quite normal. The most common changes that have been observed are blurriness and discomfort wearing contacts. If a woman undergoes preeclampsia then there are chances that she might lose her sight.

Taste and smell changes

During pregnancy, a lot of women happen to feel a metallic taste in their mouth. You might have not heard about it but this metallic taste is one of the causes of nausea and nutrients imbalance. Plus, strange craving is a known word in pregnancy that varies throughout each trimester.

Similarly, a lot of olfactory changes are also said to be observed during all three trimesters of pregnancy. Usually, they tend to become more sensitive to different smells which are to say that their intensity to perceive different smells increases.

Physiological changes

Multiple physiological pregnancy changes happen in response to the fetus that resides in the mother’s uterus. Some of the common physiological changes that are seen during pregnancy are hereunder mentioned.

Circulatory System changes

Usually, during pregnancy, the heart rate of a mother tends to increase by 15% to 20% during the whole span of pregnancy. In the third trimester, the heart rate might exceed 100 beats per minute. Moreover, the volume of blood plasma also increases by up to 40% to 50%, and RBCs mass also increases to 20% to 30% which means that your body should require more iron.

Change in blood pressure is also one of the most commonly observed pregnancy changes and it is considered dangerous as well. The reason behind this is due to that pregnancy hormones alter the shape of blood vessels. These changes also result in dizziness and less efficiency of the brain because the loss of pressure doesn’t allow blood to fully reach the brain.

These circulatory system changes cause palpitations while climbing stairs, you begin to feel fatigued more easily. Dizziness is also quite common that sometimes also result in fainting.

Respiratory and metabolic changes

During pregnancy, there is an upsurge that is witnessed in the oxygen levels of the mother. The reason for this increase is the demand for more blood supply and dilation of blood vessels. Different studies and researches have shown that a pregnant woman consumes more oxygen in general (not just in the condition of hyperactivity but also at rest). And because the uterus of female enlarges, it limits the diaphragm area which results in difficulty in taking deep breaths and at times shortness of breath.

Furthermore, the same trend has been observed in the metabolic rate. It starts increasing by the end of the 14th week of pregnancy and in the third trimester, it is at peak. An increase in metabolic activity sometimes lowers the blood sugar level which proves to be extremely dangerous.  

Change in body temperature and dehydration

The very first thing that one notices after conception is that their basal body temperature is slightly greater than it is supposed to. It will remain the same throughout the whole pregnancy. Hard work out or exercises can result in hyperthermia which can be a threat to a baby’s health. Moreover, dehydration in pregnant women can lead to loss of blood supply to the uterus.

Physical changes

To accommodate the fetus, the body of the mother undergoes a lot of physical changes as well and these pregnancy changes are quite common to distinguish.

Breast and cervical changes

The most significant changes are cervical and breast changes. Overall three trimesters, the breast and cervix of the mother undergo a lot of changes. This is all because their body has to prepare to bear and feed the baby. At first, breasts begin to get tender, and then during development, stretch marks also appear. After that, bumps start to appear on the areolas, and it’s quite common for the yellowish substance to appear around the second trimester small bumps on breast tissues appear because of the development of milk ducts.

During pregnancy, your cervix thickens and becomes firm to prepare itself to bear baby. Gradually. weeks before delivery it softens and starts to dilate because of the pressure of growing baby. In the last weeks of the third trimester, cervix also starts producing a thick mucus fluid which is also known as bloody show.

Other physical changes

Other physical changes including that of hair and nails are also observed. Hair shedding is quite common among pregnant women and postpartum hair loss is also the main concern. Contrary to the hair loss, few women also observe thickening of hair and more growth of unwanted hair. Nail’s growth is also faster throughout pregnancy.

Around 70% of pregnant women face hyperpigmentation due to excessive secretion of melanin. Stretch marks are among one the most common pregnancy changes that occur during this time.

This was all about pregnancy changes that are most likely to occur during this time. For more such content stay tuned.

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